Innovation and research are essential to accelerate attainment of targets under the SDGs and the Global Strategy – increasing domestic capacity for innovation and research is key. This capacity traditionally has been supported to a large degree by global research and innovation funders, and this needs to continue in the SDG era. At the same time, there is an increasing need for greater domestic support for building this capacity to stimulate a pipeline of innovations for testing and taking successful products or approaches to scale. Country plans also need to consider how they will incorporate local and global innovations to help accelerate their targets.
9.1 Strengthened implementation research capacity
While increased research capacity is required in a number of areas (including basic and clinical research), implementation research is particularly important to improve the delivery of services and interventions, producing knowledge to overcome obstacles that are context and system specific. Strengthening implementation research capacity requires:
- Understanding of the value of implementation research by policy-makers, funders and implementers within countries
- Dedicated domestic and global funding pools for implementation research
- Training in methodology for implementers and national researchers in implementation research
- Technical support from global and regional partners to help implementers use the findings of implementation research to improve service delivery.